A research paper was published earlier this year by the Antimicrobial Resistance Collaborators at scalpel It aims to determine the extent of the problem. The authors used a variety of data sources including systematic reviews of the literature, hospital system data, monitoring systems, and other sources. The authors estimated that this data covered 471 million individual records or isolates.
Using this approach, they found the following:
… There were an estimated 4 95 million (3 62-6 57) deaths associated with resistance to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in 2019, including 1 27 million deaths (95% UI 0 911- 1 · 71) deaths attributed to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Regionally, we estimated the all-age mortality rate attributable to resistance to be highest in western sub-Saharan Africa, at 27.3 deaths per 100,000 (20 9-35.3), and lowest in Australia, at 6 5 deaths (4 3-3) 9 4) per 100,000.
How can we solve the problem? The first step is to make better use of your current antibiotics by using them only when necessary. The American Health Care Epidemiology Association (SHEA) released a statement last week about ways to improve the stewardship of antibiotics currently in our arsenal. The second step is to continue developing new drugs to help patients with antimicrobial-resistant infections.