Here is a look at the life of Pervez Musharraf, the former President of Pakistan.
Date of Birth: August 11, 1943
place of birth: New Delhi, India
Birth name: Pervez Musharraf
dad: Syed Musharrafuddin, a professional diplomat
the mother: Begum Tsarina Musharraf
marriage: Sahba Musharraf (December 1968 – present)
Children: Ayla. Bilal
education: Pakistan Military Academy, 1961; Kakol Military Academy, 1964
1947 – The Musharraf family moves to Pakistan when British India is divided into India and Pakistan. The family settles in Karachi.
1949-1956 – He spends his early childhood in Turkey due to his father’s assignment in Ankara.
1964 – He is a second lieutenant in the artillery regiment of the Pakistan Army.
1965 – Imtizi Sanad (medal) was awarded for bravery during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965.
1971 – He is a company commander in a commando battalion during the Indo-Pakistan War.
1991 – Promoted to major general.
October 7, 1998 – Appointed chief of staff of the army with the rank of major general.
April 9, 1999 – He is appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
October 12, 1999 – He leads a coup against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and becomes prime minister. Sharif had previously sacked Musharraf after the failed army invasion of Kargil in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
June 20, 2001 – He appoints himself President of Pakistan with the army chief remaining.
April 30, 2002 – Hold a referendum on whether Musharraf will hold office for another five years. It passes by a wide margin.
August 2002 – Implementation of 29 amendments to the constitution, giving himself the power to dissolve parliament and dismiss the prime minister.
December 14 and 25, 2003 – Two failed assassination attempts on Musharraf’s life.
Jan 1, 2004 – A vote of confidence in Parliament allows Musharraf to remain in power until 2007. He gets the votes he needs by promising to step down as head of the army at the end of 2004.
September 25, 2006 – Publishing Musharraf’s CV “In the Line of Fire”.
October 6, 2007 – An unofficial vote count indicates that Musharraf won a landslide victory in the presidential election. A number of deputies boycotted the vote in the House and Senate.
November 3, 2007 – President Musharraf declares a state of emergency in Pakistan. He suspended the constitution, postponed the January 2008 elections, and imposed restrictions on the media. Government authorities arrest 1,500 people to protest the state of emergency.
November 28, 2007 – He is stepping down as Pakistan Army chief, the day before he is due to be sworn in as president.
November 29, 2007 – He takes the presidential oath for the third time.
December 15, 2007 – Lifting the state of emergency.
February 18, 2008 – In the parliamentary elections, Musharraf’s party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Q, came third in the vote, behind the Pakistan People’s Party, the party of the late Benazir Bhutto, and the Pakistan Muslim League-N, the party of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
August 18, 2008 – Announces his resignation from the presidency of Pakistan.
July 31, 2009 – Pakistan’s Supreme Court ruled that Musharraf violated the constitution by illegally declaring a state of emergency on 3 November 2007. The court gives him seven days to appear and defend himself.
August 6, 2009 – He refuses to answer the charges and flees from Pakistan to Great Britain.
August 11, 2009 – Pakistani officials have announced that Musharraf faces arrest if he returns to Pakistan.
October 1, 2010 – He establishes a new political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League.
February 12, 2011 – A Pakistani court has issued an arrest warrant for Musharraf, in connection with the assassination of former Prime Minister Bhutto.
May 24, 2011 – In an interview with CNN Pierce Morgan Tonight, Musharraf condemned the raid that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan. “No country has the right to interfere in any other country…in fact, technically speaking, if you see it legally, it’s an act of war,” he says.
March 16, 2013 – Musharraf announces his plans to return to Pakistan to lead his party in the upcoming elections.
March 23, 2013 – The Pakistani Taliban says it will assassinate Musharraf if he returns to the country.
March 24, 2013 – Musharraf returns to Pakistan after four years in exile. He is released on bail prior to his arrival in Pakistan, and is not arrested upon his return.
April 18 2013 – A Pakistani court rejected Musharraf’s request to extend his bail and ordered his arrest in a case he faces over the arrest of judges in 2007. Pakistani media reports said Musharraf was placed under house arrest.
August 20 2013 – A Pakistani court has indicted Musharraf for murder in Bhutto’s death.
March 31, 2014 – A special court in Pakistan has charged Musharraf with high treason.
3 April 2014 – A bomb exploded a few minutes after Musharraf’s motorcade passed through an intersection in Islamabad as he was being taken home from a military hospital. Pakistani police say it is an assassination attempt against Musharraf. Nobody gets hurt.
Jan 18 2016 – The Anti-Terrorism Court acquitted Musharraf and two other former officials in the murder of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, the Baloch nationalist leader.
February 11, 2016 – After suffering from shortness of breath, Musharraf was taken to Al Shifa Hospital of the Pakistan Navy to undergo testing. His spokeswoman said he was receiving treatment for complications related to heart disease.
March 16, 2016 – Pakistan’s Supreme Court has lifted Musharraf’s travel ban to allow him to leave the country while he awaits trial for treason. Two days later, Musharraf left Pakistan for medical treatment in Dubai.
August 31, 2017 – A court in Pakistan has stated that Musharraf is a fugitive from justice in the Bhutto assassination case. Musharraf has been living in self-imposed exile in Dubai since 2016.
December 17, 2019 – Musharraf was sentenced to death in absentia after a three-member special court in Islamabad found him guilty of violating the constitution by illegally declaring a state of emergency while in power.
January 13, 2020 – The Supreme Court in Lahore, Pakistan, overturns the death sentence issued against Musharraf. Musharraf, who has been living in self-imposed exile in Dubai since 2016, can freely return to Pakistan.