Here is a look at the life of Britain’s Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Date of Birth: June 10, 1921
date of death: April 09 2021
place of birth: Corfu, Greece
Birth name: Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
dad: Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark
the mother: Princess Alice of Battenberg
marriage: Queen Elizabeth II (November 20, 1947 – April 9, 2021, his death)
Children: Edward, Earl of Wessex (March 10, 1964); Andrew, Duke of York (February 19, 1960); Anne, Princess Royal (September 15, 1950); King Charles III (November 14, 1948)
army: British Royal Navy, 1939-1953
Full Title: HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merion, Baron Greenwich, Knight Garter, Knight of Thistle, Knight of the Order of Merit, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Companion of the Order of Australia, Companion of the Queen’s Service Medal, Special Adviser.
His ancestors are not Greek by blood, but English, Russian, German/Prussian and Danish.
The youngest of five children and the only son.
He is a third cousin to his wife, the Queen, and, like her, is a great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
His interests were painting, environmental conservation, horses, flying and sailing. He has written books on birds, ecology, wagon driving, and other topics.
After being awarded the RAF wings in 1953, Philip logged more than 5,900 hours in 59 different types of aircraft over the next 44 years.
1922 – The overthrow of his brother, King Constantine I of Greece, led to Prince Andrew, Princess Alice and their five children leaving Greece and settling in Paris.
1930 – After his parents separated in 1930, Philip was sent to England and raised there by his grandmother and uncle.
1940 – He works as a naval officer, his first job, on HMS Ramillies in the Mediterranean Fleet.
1942 – He becomes a sub-lieutenant in the British Royal Navy.
July 1942 – Promoted to first lieutenant and executive officer aboard the destroyer HMS Wallace, he participates in Allied landings in Sicily during World War II.
February 1947 – He became a naturalized British citizen and commoner, using the surname Mountbatten, an English translation of his mother’s maiden name. Before taking the oath of British citizenship, as he was sixth in line to the throne of Greece, he renounced all claims to titles in both Greece and Denmark.
July 10, 1947 – King George VI and Queen Elizabeth announce Elizabeth’s engagement to Philip.
November 19, 1947 – He was invested as a Knight of the Order of the Lace and conferred the titles of Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merionth, and Baron of Greenwich.
November 20, 1947 – He marries Princess Elizabeth at Westminster Abbey. His name changed from Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten to His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
1948 – He was appointed as personal assistant to his father-in-law, King George VI.
1950 – Promoted to first lieutenant.
June 1952 – He was promoted to captain, but his naval career ends with the death of King George VI, and his wife’s ascension to the throne on February 6.
1953 – He was appointed Admiral of the Fleet, Field Marshal of the Army and Commander of the Royal Air Force. The presumed trustee is appointed by an Act of Parliament. In the event of the Queen’s death or incapacitation, Philip will rule as regent to Prince Charles.
1956 – Launch of the Duke of Edinburgh Award, which rewards children for their achievements in personal development and community involvement.
1956-1970 – He is the president of the Royal Yachting Society.
1957 – By decree of the Queen, “the honorary style and dignity is conferred upon the Prince of the United Kingdom.” He was invested as Grand Master and Knight Principal or First in the Order of the British Empire. This decree restores his birth title to the Prince.
1961-1981 – The first president of the World Wildlife Fund – UK.
1964-1986 – President of the International Equestrian Federation.
June 1968 – Awarded the Queen’s Order of Merit, an honor for “great achievement in the arts, learning, literature, and sciences” and limited to 24 members.
1975-1980 – He served as President of the Royal Yachting Society for the second time.
1981-1996 – He is president of the World Wildlife Fund International.
1996-present Honorary President of the World Wildlife Fund.
April 9, 2005 – Philip and the Queen are the only two notable members of the royal family who did not attend Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles’ civil wedding. They attend dedication service.
November 10, 2005 – His 58th wedding anniversary makes him Britain’s longest-serving companion, after King George III’s wife, Queen Charlotte.
October 23, 2006 – Inspects British forces in southern Iraq.
3-8 May 2007 – Philip and the Queen visit the United States to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the first British-American settlement of Jamestown in 1607. They attend the Kentucky Derby on May 5 and a state dinner at the White House on May 7.
April 1, 2009 – Along with the Queen, he meets US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama at Buckingham Palace.
June 10, 2011 – His 90th birthday makes him the oldest royal companion in service.
23-27 December 2011 – He is undergoing coronary artery blockage treatment at Papworth Hospital.
Jun 4-9, 2012 – He was hospitalized with cystitis at King Edward VII Hospital in London. He missed part of the jubilee celebrations to mark the 60th anniversary of the Queen’s accession to the throne.
August 15-20 2012 – He is being treated at the Royal Aberdeen Infirmary for cystitis.
From 7 to 17 June 2013 – A patient in a London clinic, admitted with abdominal pain, underwent exploratory surgery the next day and was discharged after recovery.
Jan 26 2015 – Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott bestows this nation’s highest knighthood, on Philip in recognition of his life in service throughout the Queen’s reign.
May 4, 2017 – Buckingham Palace announced that Philip will step down from public life after August 2017.
August 2, 2017 – He attends a Royal Marines parade at Buckingham Palace and makes the last of thousands of public appearances before he retreats from public life.
3 April 2018 – Philip was admitted to a London hospital to undergo a planned operation on his hip.
January 17, 2019 – He was involved in a traffic accident when his car collided with another vehicle carrying two women, aged 28 and 45, as well as a nine-month-old baby. In a statement the next day, a spokesman for the Duke of Edinburgh said the Duke of Edinburgh had carried out a “preventive examination” on the advice of a doctor who confirmed Philip “had no injuries of concern”. He later announced that he would not face any charges over the incident.
February 9, 2019 – Buckingham Palace has announced that Philip has given up his driver’s license after a traffic accident in January that injured a female driver.
December 20, 2019 – Philip has been hospitalized with a “pre-existing” condition, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. He leaves the hospital on December 24.
April 20, 2020 – Philip made a rare public statement thanking those across the UK working to help tackle the coronavirus pandemic.
February 16, 2021 – Philip was taken to a hospital in London after feeling unwell, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. On March 3, he underwent surgery for a heart condition.
March 16, 2021 – Philip left King Edward VII Hospital where he was recovering and returned to Windsor Castle, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace.
April 9, 2021 – He died at the age of 99.
September 8, 2022 – Queen Elizabeth II dies, and Charles ascends to the throne.