Iran’s morality police have terrorized women for decades. who are they?

Amini’s story has brought Iran’s disciplinary apparatus back into the spotlight, and raised the question of accountability and impunity enjoyed by the country’s religious elite.

“It would be hard to find an ordinary Iranian woman or an ordinary family who does not have an interaction story with her.” [the morality police and re-education centers]”That’s how far they’ve come,” said Tara Sepehri Farr, senior researcher in the Middle East and North Africa division at Human Rights Watch.

She said the morality police are a law enforcement force with access to power, weapons and detention centres. They also control the recently introduced “re-education centres”.

These centers function as detention centers, where women – and sometimes men – are held for failing to comply with state rules on modesty. Inside the centers, detainees are given lessons about Islam and the importance of the hijab, and then forced to sign a pledge to abide by government dress regulations before they are released.

Hadi Ghaemi, executive director of the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran, said the first of these institutions opened in 2019, adding that “since its establishment, which has no basis in any law, clients of these centers have been arbitrarily detained. Countless women under the pretext of Non-compliance with the enforced state veil.”

Then women are treated as criminals[s]She was booked for her infractions, photographed and forced to take a class on how to wear the correct hijab and Islamic morals.”

Iran was dictating how women should dress long before the establishment of the current Islamic Republic. In 1936, the pro-Western ruler Reza Shah banned the wearing of headscarves and headscarves in an effort to modernize the country. Many women resisted. Then, the Islamic regime that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty of Shah made the headscarf mandatory in 1979, but the rule only became law in 1983.

A task force with all powers of a law enforcement agency, the Ethics Police is tasked with ensuring that the rules are followed.

A number of anti-hijab movements emerge every few years in Iran, often leading to waves of arrests and persecution. Among these are the “Street Girls of the Revolution” in 2017, as well as this year’s short social media protests marking the country’s National Hijab and Chastity Day, which is celebrated annually on July 12 to promote the veil.
However, disagreements arose over the issue of the compulsory veil among citizens and within the leadership.

A survey conducted by a think tank linked to Parliament in 2018 showed that there was a decrease in the number of people who believed the government should enforce the headscarf. A 2014 report by the Iranian Students’ News Agency showed a 15% rise in the number of those who believe the headscarf should not be compulsory.

There has also been a shift in discourse between the country’s leadership, calling for “education” and “correction” rather than the strong application of Islamic values, says researcher, Sepehri Farr.

Some say Iran is slowly approaching the point of no return as the government faces growing dissatisfaction with the crippled economy and soaring inflation caused by US sanctions.

Amini’s death appears to unite Iranians of different mindsets, Sepehri Far says, adding that criticism of the incident comes not only from opponents of the regime, but also from citizens with no previous history of defection, as well as those close to the authority.

Thousands across Iran took to the streets on Tuesday night, according to eyewitnesses and a photographer on social media.
Videos posted on social media showed a woman cutting her hair in protest at protesters chanting “Death to the dictator” in Kerman province, southeast Iran. In other parts of the country, protesters chanted “We are the children of war, come and fight, we will fight” and “Death to Khamenei.”

“This time the protesters are not just asking for justice for Mohsa Amini,” Gimi said. They also demand women’s rights, civil and human rights, and a life without religious dictatorship.

While there is a sense that the regime may feel weak, some question whether the current movement will simply expand or weaken in the face of state repression.

“Not only were these protests brutally suppressed,” he added [on] Raised under the watchful eye of the morality police, Tara Kangarlo, author of “Iran’s Heartbeat,” said it contained every time, but no leadership.

“When I grew up in my teens, we’d make sure to avoid it[ed] The streets we knew morality police cars would be parked [on] Kangarlo said.

She says young Iranians have developed within the “repressive regime” in order to live their lives, but that “the average Iranian is tired.”

digestion

Tunisian anti-terror police arrest ex-leader

Reuters quoted lawyers as saying, on Tuesday, that the anti-terror police detained the former prime minister and prominent official in the opposition Ennahda party, Ali Al-Arayed, for one day, after an investigation into allegations of sending jihadists to Syria. In the same case, police temporarily postponed a hearing for opposition leader and dissolved Tunisian parliament speaker Rached Ghannouchi.

  • background: Last month, a number of former security officials and two members of Ennahda were arrested on charges related to Tunisians traveling abroad for jihad. Security and official sources have estimated that about 6,000 Tunisians have traveled to Syria and Iraq over the past decade to join jihadist groups including ISIS. Many were killed there, while others fled and returned to Tunisia.
  • why does it matter: Ennahda denies the accusations of terrorism, describing the allegations as a political attack on President Kais Saied’s opponent. Ghannouchi, 81, has accused Said of orchestrating an anti-democratic coup since seizing most powers last summer, shutting down parliament and moving to rule by decree, powers that were largely formalized with a new constitution approved in a referendum in July.

Saudi Arabia buys a pair of SpaceX astronaut seats

Saudi Arabia plans to launch two astronauts to the International Space Station aboard a space capsule from Elon Musk’s SpaceX ship, according to a Reuters report.
  • background: People familiar with the arrangement told Reuters that the deal was privately signed earlier this year with Houston’s Axiom Space, which organizes special missions to US spacecraft for researchers and tourists. Saudi astronauts will ride a SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule to the space station for about a week early next year.
  • why does it matter: Saudi astronauts will be the first to travel from their country into space on a private spacecraft. Saudi Arabia will also become the latest Gulf country to establish ties with private US space companies, which are major growing players in diplomacy in a field long dominated by government agencies such as NASA.

Turkish and Israeli leaders hold first face-to-face meeting in 15 years

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly on Tuesday, Lapid’s office said. The meeting was the first face-to-face talks between the two countries’ top leaders since 2008.

  • background: “Yesterday, I had a fruitful meeting with RTEdogan,” Lapid tweetedThe first between the President of Turkey and the Prime Minister of Israel in nearly 15 years. Lapid added that relations between the two countries are “a key to regional stability” as well as achieving “tangible benefits for our two countries.”
  • why does it matter: Relations between Israel and Turkey have been tense for many years, especially regarding the Palestinian issue. But relations have improved recently, and in August the two countries said they would restore full diplomatic ties and reappoint their ambassadors.

What is common

Egypt: #Salah

Egyptian football star Mohamed Salah’s honoring of Queen Elizabeth caused a sharp controversy among his compatriots on social media.

The Liverpool player tweeted a picture of the Queen on Monday with a message on the occasion of her death: “My thoughts are with the royal family on this historic and emotional day.” Some of his Egyptian fans were not enthusiastic, criticizing his condolences to the monarch of a country with a controversial colonial past.

multiple users Reply with pictures From the 1956 Suez Crisis, which occurred four years after the Queen took the throne and saw a joint Israeli-British-French invasion of Egypt to retake the Suez Canal after its nationalization. other user Salah called for reading the Queen’s history in the Arab world. “Brother, do you know what this woman’s empire has done to our country, or shall I tell you?”We are dealing with someone else.
But other users jumped in to Salah’s defense, saying the negative reaction was unjustified. Egyptian sports journalist Omar Elbanouby And he tweeted: “Hands off Mohamed Salah… he is a professional football player… not a political activist.”

Sudanese writer Mohamed Abu Zako called some of Salah’s critics hypocrisy, pointing out that it seemed acceptable for Arabs to support British football clubs and drive British cars, but to disrespect the Queen, who was buried on Monday.

European football clubs are very popular in the Arab world, some of which are owned by regional governments, including Manchester City and Paris Saint-Germain. Salah lives in the United Kingdom.

By Mohammed Abdelbary

Tweet today

Tech entrepreneur Elon Musk said he plans to bring satellite internet services to Iran, where the government imposes severe restrictions on internet access. Musk said on Twitter that his company, Starlink, would apply for sanctions waivers to provide Internet services to Iranians. US sanctions prevent companies from doing business in Iran. Western social media sites are blocked in Iran and the government regularly restricts internet access to prevent political mobilization.

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