Nepal Fast Facts | CNN



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Here’s a look at Nepal, a mountainous country on the southern side of the Himalayas in South Asia. It shares Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain, with China.

(From the CIA World Factbook)
region: 147,181 square kilometers (slightly larger than New York State)

population: 30,666,598 (2022 estimate)

mid-age: 25.3 years old

capital: Kathmandu

Ethnic groups: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8 %, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Tele 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Kweri/Kuchwaha 1.2%, Others 19% (2011 estimate)

religion: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, Other 0.5%, Unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate: 3% (2017 est.)

Nepal is one of the least developed and poorest countries in the world. About a quarter of its population lives below the poverty line.

Nepal is a former monarchy that is now a federal democratic republic with several political parties.

About three-quarters of its terrain is mountainous.

Eight of the 10 highest mountains in the world lie along the Nepal border. Mount Everest is located at an altitude of 8,848 meters above sea level, and is the highest spot on Earth. Kanchenjunga, which stretches between Nepal and India, is the third highest mountain in the world.

The flag of Nepal is the only flag in the world that is neither square nor rectangular. The figure consists of two connected tags.

Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha, was born in Lumbini, now part of Nepal, around the sixth century BC.

A study finds that nearly eight out of 10 girls in central-western Nepal sleep in dangerous outdoor “menstrual huts” during their period, despite the practice being banned in 2018. The illegal custom, known as “chupadi” It stems from a centuries-old Hindu taboo that considers women and girls to be unclean during menstruation.

Before the eighteenth century – Nepal is divided into small kingdoms.

1768 – The ruler of Gorkha Prithvi Narayan Shah became the ruler of the entire valley, uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Padgaon. King declared Kathmandu the capital in 1769.

1814-1816 – Nepal and the British East India Company’s war over lands in the Terai, or Lowlands. Nepal signed the Saguli Treaty in 1816, ceding a third of its territory.

1846 – Jang Bahadur staged a coup d’├ętat and became prime minister. Eventually he established a dictatorship by turning the monarchy into a figurehead of government, establishing hereditary rule for his family. The family, which adopts the honorific title of Rana (Monarch), has been ruling for more than 100 years (until 1951), which has led to the isolation and economic backwardness of the country.

1857 – The sepoys rebelled against the British in India. Bahadur took thousands of troops to support the British, helping to suppress the rebellion and sealing Britain’s support for his rule in Nepal and starting the tradition of Gurkhas serving in the British Army.

January 15, 1934 – An 8.1-magnitude earthquake in Nepal hits Bihar, India, killing 10,700 people.

1948 – After India gained independence from Britain in 1947, Nepal’s leaders lost crucial support and were pressured into reforms. The prime minister announces the first constitution for Nepal, which calls for a bicameral state legislature, an independent supreme court, and a prime minister with executive power, assisted by a council of at least five ministers, but the constitution is soon suspended amid opposition from the conservative Rana.

November 1950 – The revolution against the Rana regime began as the Liberation Army of the Nepali Congress Party clashed with soldiers in the Terai region.

February 1951 – The reign of the Rana came to an end with the return of King Tribhuvan to the throne after Mohan Shamsher, the last to rule the Rana, agreed to hold elections.

May 29, 1953 – Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay of Nepal were the first to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

December 14, 1955 – Nepal joins the United Nations.

February 18, 1959 – The first national elections were held, and the Nepali Congress won. BP Koirala later became Chief Minister.

December 1960 – King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva seizes power and suspends parliament and key parts of the constitution.

January 1972 – King Mahendra dies and is succeeded by Birendra.

May 1991 – GP Koirala, brother of Nepal’s first elected Prime Minister (in 1959) was appointed to head the government after Nepali Congress won a majority (110 out of 205 seats) in Parliament in general elections. The moderate CPN ends up with a strong position as opposition with 69 seats.

1994 – The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) was established and its leader Manmohan Adhikari voted for power after the resignation of Prime Minister JP Koirala and the recommendation for new parliamentary elections for the King.

1995 – Prime Minister Manmohan Adhikari resigns after being accused of favoring members of his party. The communist government was dissolved by Parliament.

1996 – The Maoist rebellion sparked a 10-year civil war, and by 2000 nearly two-thirds of the country had been affected by the conflict.

June 1, 2001 – Crown Prince Dipendra shoots on alcohol and drugs during a palace party, killing nine people, including his father, mother, king and queen. Dipendra dies three days later of his gunshot wounds.

2006 – Signing of a UN-brokered peace agreement by the government of Nepal and the Maoists. According to the International Red Cross, about 15,000 people died and 1,300 were declared missing due to the 10-year civil war.

May 2008 – The monarchy ends with the new assembly voting in favor of declaring Nepal a democratic republic.

July 21, 2008 – Election of the country’s first president, Ram Baran Yadav.

August 2008 – Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal, better known as Prachanda, is elected prime minister and forms a coalition government.

May 2009 – Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigns after the President reversed his decision to sack a senior military official. Appointment of communist leader Madhav Kumar Nepal as the new Prime Minister.

June 2010 – Madhav Kumar Nepal resigns as Prime Minister amid political pressure. He agrees to act as caretaker until a new Prime Minister is elected.

February 2011 – Parliament elects Communist Party leader Galanath Khanal as the new Prime Minister.

August 2011 – Khanal resigned as Prime Minister, acknowledging that he was unable to form a national consensus government and integrate the former Maoist rebels. Baburam Bhattarai, 57, vice president of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has become the fourth prime minister since Nepal became a republic in 2008.

May 2012 – Baburam Bhattarai resigns as Prime Minister, but remains as a caretaker.

March 2013 – Chief Justice Khilraj al-Rijmi is appointed Prime Minister until a new Constituent Assembly is elected.

November 2013 – The Constituent Assembly elections that resulted in BP Koirala’s cousin Sushil Koirala of the Nepali Congress party taking over as Chief Minister were held in February 2014.

October 2014 – At least 39 people died from all over the world after exceptionally heavy snow fell in the mountains, one of the deadliest tragedies in the history of Nepal.

April 25, 2015 – A magnitude 7.8 earthquake strikes less than 50 miles from Kathmandu. An aftershock of magnitude 6.7 on April 26 adds to the damage. The death toll has reached more than 8,000 and the number of injured more than 17,000, according to the National Center for Emergency Operations.

October 28, 2015 – The Nepali parliament elects Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the country’s first female president.

August 2017 – 65,000 homes were destroyed and at least 143 people were killed in Nepal due to massive floods and landslides.

May 21, 2019 – Sherpa broke his own record by climbing Mount Everest an unprecedented 24 times, reaching the summit at 6:38 am, less than a week after climbing the world’s tallest mountain for the 23rd time on May 15.

August 2, 2019 – After heavy monsoon rains caused floods and landslides across Nepal and parts of South Asia last month, the United Nations released a situation report saying more than 100 people had died, dozens were missing or injured, and at least 410,000 people were affected.

December 20, 2020 – Prime Minister K. with me. Sharma Oli dissolves parliament and calls snap elections. Oli says internal discord and a lack of cooperation on the part of his party have paralyzed his decision-making, forcing him to seek a new popular mandate. In February 2021, the Supreme Court of Nepal ruled that Parliament must be reinstated.

May 10, 2021 – Ollie was forced to step down after losing confidence in the vote. On 22 May, President Bhandari dissolved Parliament. In July, Nepal’s Supreme Court ordered the appointment of Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister and the reinstatement of Parliament.

October 2021 – At least 104 people have died in Nepal due to floods and landslides caused by heavy rains.

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