Scientists develop a black hole in the lab

Scientists have created a black hole in a laboratory to test Stephen Hawking’s decades-old theory.

The US Sun reported that in a new study, researchers were able to recreate the conditions of a black hole in the laboratory.

A black hole is an invisible place in space where gravity pulls so hard that not even light can escape.

Gravity in a black hole is very strong due to the presence of dense matter in a small space – this happens when the star is dying.

In the study, a team of scientists used a single-coil string of atoms to simulate the event horizon of a black hole.

What happened next is what is known as “Hawking radiation” – a theory proposed by the late physicist Stephen Hawking.

Hawking radiation describes virtual particles that arise outside the bounds of a black hole due to relativistic quantum effects.

Currently, there are two theories that aim to explain the inner workings of our universe: the general theory of relativity; and quantum mechanics.

In general relativity, events are continuous and deterministic, which means that each cause has a specific local effect.

However, in quantum mechanics, events resulting from the interaction of subatomic particles occur in leaps and bounds, with probabilistic rather than deterministic outcomes.

But now, these new simulations of black holes and Hawking’s theory of radiation may help unify both frameworks.

Right now, we have no way of knowing what happens to an object after it crosses the boundary of a black hole because no information is sent back to the universe.

But in 1974, Stephen Hawking said that these interruptions in quantum fluctuations might give rise to a kind of radiation that might carry some information.

And now, thanks to this new study, which shows that a black hole “glows” from radiation, we can analyze the properties by simulating analogues in laboratories.

“This could open the field for exploration of fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics along with gravity and curvilinear voids in various condensed matter settings,” the study authors wrote.

The new study comes shortly after researchers discovered a black hole just 1,560 light-years from Earth – closer than any other known black hole.

Dubbed Gaia BH1, the black hole lives in a binary star system with another Sun-like star.

This story was originally published by The US Sun and reproduced with permission

Originally published as Scientists ‘grow a black hole in the lab’

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