Ukrzaliznytsia as well It is vast and has long been referred to as ‘country within a country’. There are 230,000 employees, from those on the trains themselves (locomotive drivers, their assistants, train officials, conductors) to everyone at the station (station managers, security officers, ticket sellers, baggage storage clerks, cleaners) and then everyone behind the scenes (track inspectors). Auto inspectors, signal maintenance officers, structural engineers, electricians, electronics engineers, locomotive electricians, greasers, rail dispatchers, rail lifters, railroad mechanics, shift workers, track workers, and warehouse attendants, without whom passenger toilets would support). Then there are the warehouse and workshop jobs (hosts, repairmen, carpenters, factory workers, to name a few). Ukrzaliznytsia does its own laundry, has its own glass factory, wagon factory, railway rolling mill and another factory that cuts the size of bars. There are children’s railway schools, vocational schools, summer camps, sanatoriums and hospitals. 15,000 miles of government-operated and controlled trails from the center, including stations, warehouses, and factories.
The passenger and freight railways of Ukraine are grouped into six regional branches. In the early days of the invasion, the command cell held an hourly call with the heads of the six branches to gather information using an old Soviet-era technology, a closed circuit system called a limiter. Then the six branch heads held their own calls with the subordinates to gather information. Each regional branch has an average of four districts, and each district has 50 to 100 railway stations, which also made their own calls. Selected contact After the selector’s call, information reached Kamyshin from all over the country.
Since many traffic controllers and safety officers live along the tracks, Ukrzaliznytsia knew how many tanks crossed the border, how many helicopters landed, and how many paratroopers arrived. Railroad workers were literally counting umbrellas on the rails. Kamyshin can follow the progress of the Russian army in real time based on when it passes certain stations, and he told me he provided the information to the military.
On February 25, Russia hit the reserve command center in Ukrzaliznytsia with a cruise missile, but for the most part, the network avoided large-scale damage. The Kremlin was running a limited strike campaign and did not actively target critical rail infrastructure, such as bridges and train yards, because they assumed they would quickly take over the country and rely on the infrastructure itself. The Ukrainians believed that since the Russians were also dependent on the railways, they could safely collect people at the evacuation stations.
The command cell quickly made two decisions. First, all passenger trains will go into evacuation mode: they will be free, without tickets, and as many people as possible will be allowed to board the plane. Second, they will run at slower speeds, which will help limit the range of damage if the Russians hit a train or near a track. Ukrzaliznytsia will try to preserve the life that he can.
Each day, the group drafted an evacuation train schedule that went into effect at 9pm for the following day, and posted it on their website as well as their Telegram and Facebook feeds. The railway had to reconcile transport capacity, locomotive and track: if the station manager in Kharkiv one day predicted that they would need to evacuate 42,000 people, they would have to find enough trains to transport 42,000 people. They checked nearby stations and warehouses; They looked at cities where the flow of passengers had decreased and brought back trains to Kharkiv. The goal was that no one would sleep on the sidewalk in the city closest to the Russian border.