One expert said the national government needs to “rethink” its public policy and focus on building skills that will help boost inclusion, enhance social mobility and alleviate poverty in the Philippines.
During the inaugural program of the Eighth Annual Public Policy Conference of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) on Tuesday, James Heckman, director of the Center for Human Development Economics at the University of Chicago, highlighted the critical role of enhancing skills in promoting success. It lives as a government strategy for human development and community development.
To start moving forward, government must recognize the importance of skills in the economy, Hickman said, citing social wisdom: “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him ‘for life,’ which primarily means empowering People with the skills they need to succeed in life.With the advent of modern economies and the emergence of new technologies, Hickman noted that “skillful public policy” to build skills “is really very, very, very important.”
“Some of the latest job skills, technical change-biased and the way automation and technology are transforming the workplace around the world. We know that the most skilled are the better and better able, not only to take advantage of these technologies but to adapt to change. A recurring theme of this type of work is understanding How people can react to fundamental changes in trade, technology and global trade patterns.”
Hermann said that skilled public policy integrates raw and up-to-date knowledge that creates the dynamics of life-cycle skills formation. He added that skills are the main determinants of prosperity and that greatly help in promoting inclusion and social mobility.
“We need to enhance skills. It is an effective policy. And when it has been tried and successfully implemented, it has had a beneficial effect and involved everyone in the society as a whole. Individuals acquire skills and the larger community around them acquires in different ways. Successful skilled work force is flexible and adaptable as well. Very important, Because as technology changes, and as we enter into new trading patterns in the world, [it] It has become very important to be able to adapt to this change.”
“In a sense, we can believe that skill building results in an independent individual – a person with dignity – agency and participation in society. This does not necessarily mean a selfish person, but someone who is able to stand on their own feet and is able to help others around them to broaden the whole of society.”
“We also need to think about how we can make people stronger, more powerful, and better able to take advantage of the modern world,” he added.
Skills development has been recognized as a key global priority by governments, social partners and international organizations that strengthen their national skills policies and systems to support the achievement of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
To achieve this, Hickman noted the need to improve linkages between education and training institutions and workplaces to promote skills development along value chains, help manage drivers of change and integrate skills development into national and sectoral development strategies.
Balızkan pledges to reduce poverty
For this part, Minister of Social and Economic Planning Arsenio Balizkan and President of the National Authority for Economics and Development (NEDA), who also attended the PIDS event and webinar titled “The Concept of Social Justice in the 21st Century”, emphasized the government’s orientation to revitalize poverty reduction and job creation from By guiding the economy toward a path of high growth and the development of a resilient, inclusive and prosperous society.
“In the near term, we must protect the purchasing power of households, mitigate the social and economic scars caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, and reduce the vulnerability of poor and marginalized sectors, while ensuring sound macroeconomic fundamentals through effective government operations. In the medium term, we aim to Focusing on job creation and rapid poverty reduction by addressing the most compelling constraints to greater economic dynamism such as infrastructure, regulatory environment and competition landscape, as well as public order, safety, peace and security,” Balisacan said.
With this agenda, the NEDA chief said the government aims to reduce the prevalence of poverty to a single-digit level by 2028, which he described as a “noble, but achievable” goal.