What is the AI-assisted World Cup hiding?

Things weighed down by the World Cup so far: geopolitical intrigue and controversy. chaotic World soccer drama. Improbable England goals in the first half.

And of course: a list of inflated AI applications.

wait what?

FIFA promotes AI decision making system which will be used Sensors in actual football To help identify calls. wide network of Cameras that support facial recognition You will follow the crowdAnd the With technology in the same family as the controversial Clearview AI. Artificial intelligence sensors in stadiums It will even help control the climate.

It all looks very cool. But it also raises the question – is all that really “artificial intelligence”? And if so, how could the same technology power such a disparate list of applications, let alone generate Surreal artor Ready legal documents?

In a sense, the hype around AI around this World Cup is just a marketing push by the host country and host organization. Qatar prides itself on having used its (relatively) new wealth in natural gas to propel it into the ranks of other wealthy Gulf states such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and FIFA has done so. I played hard High-tech additions to the game.

This loud invocation of artificial intelligence is the other side of the concern mounting about the technology among industry watchdogs. Both ways of thinking about AI tend to merge different issues into one big topic. And both point to a larger question: How is the public doing? supposed To think about artificial intelligence?

One reason that matters a lot right now: Politics has finally caught up to AI. The Biden administration is trying to push the field toward its preferred values ​​and practices by using Amnesty International Bill of Rights. Europe does the same, but with legal teeth. Governments are moving to regulate AI at a slower pace than the technology itself develops, but faster than ordinary people understand it. This poses a political problem, as the marketing “wow factor” around AI increasingly hides how it works and affects our lives, leaving the public relatively clueless in the face of the regulatory decisions that are being made.

“If the first yellow line in football appeared today instead of in 1998, they would say it was generated by artificial intelligence,” said Ben Richt, a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley. who has written extensively on artificial intelligence and machine learning. “Artificial intelligence is no more than a marketing term to mean ‘things we do automatically using computers. “

The history of what artificial intelligence actually is he is It may be out of scope for this afternoon’s newsletter. Long semantic drift was described by historian of mathematics and computing Stephanie Dick in 2019 Harvard data science review article which focused on the field’s roots in computer-driven attempts to model human intelligence. The field has drifted away from this effort towards powerful machine learning systems like that one DALL-E or GPT-3The initial brand hung, obscuring the actual functions of those systems behind a haze of hype and sci-fi speculation about sentient machines or human-like “artificial general intelligence”.

We have now come to use AI as a basket term, as computer scientist Louis Rosenberg said when I spoke to him,Process huge datasets, find patterns in those datasets, and then use those patterns to make predictions or derive insights.”

When you put it this way, applying AI to a football or AC system is (a bit) demystified. But this only scratches the surface of how these machine learning systems can infiltrate our lives. The policy discourse around artificial intelligence at the moment focuses on more serious issues such as systemic bias creeping into decision-making systems, uncensored facial recognition surveillance like the one being deployed in Qatar now, or data collection without consent.

These are the kinds of issues that are emerging in the Biden administration’s new AI policy, but there remains a huge gap of understanding between policymakers and the public on the issue. Stanford Report written last year He noted that “rigorous science communication has not engaged a wide enough audience to gain a realistic understanding of AI’s limitations, strengths, and social risks and benefits,” and that “given the historical boom/bust pattern in public support for AI, it is important that the intelligence community does not exaggerate Synthetics tend to exaggerate specific methods or products and create unrealistic expectations” — a dynamic likely not helped by the World Cup hype machine.

And while guidelines like those of the Biden administration may be helpful, they are still…just guidelines. There are still few, if any, laws in place to prevent the kind of harms caused by AI that can linger under the radar amid a general haze of curiosity and misunderstanding — making public understanding of the technology far more important than one might make in thought. Or not.

“First, AI is not a form of magic, and second, we’re not on a predetermined trajectory in terms of where the technology is going and what we do with it,” Maximilian Gantz, senior policy researcher at the Mozilla Foundation, told me. “As consumers, people have the right to vote with their feet if they have the information necessary to make informed choices about products and services that use AI. And as voters, people can push for accountability for technology companies and those that deploy AI.”

Another use of artificial intelligence: time travel.

Well sort of. Writer and game designer Merritt K. is currently Crowdfunding a book It’s called LAN Party, and it’s a coffee table photo book with a goal that blends technology history and the future of technology: the use of a photo upgrade tool Gigapixel AI Restores and enhances the visuals of the 90’s-era PC gaming sessions that brought gamers together to connect their computers in person before the advent of online gaming.

The images reveal an ancient era of computing that was certainly from the era we live in today: In addition to the cultural overtones of the ’90s-era nerd era, the images reveal, Merritt said in Interview with Ars Technica“a huge mess of instances, desktop layouts, and diverse build styles.”

“Some people might say, ‘Oh, this is just a bunch of idiots having fun. “But that’s a lot of culture, and what human history is, even though idiots have fun,” she also tells Ars Technica — a point well taken given how much gaming has pushed some graphical developments in the 21st century, including boosting the development of Metaverse. And now that AI is powerful enough to help archivists uncover the past, too, the implications go beyond just the history of the Clinton-era Merritt Games: Gigapixel was used to enhance Historical moments in the movie And the restore and enhance Pre-colour shots.

Who’s afraid of Gary Gensler?

Politico’s Declan Harty begs the question Today, he reports on how the ambitious SEC chief used this near-apocalyptic moment for the crypto world to further his regulatory agenda. The collapse of FTX seriously threatened a bill backed by FTX founder Sam Bankman-Fried that would have placed cryptocurrencies under the CFTC oversight, a move largely seen as more favorable to the industry than a shift of responsibility to Gensler’s SEC.

The balance of power may soon swing toward the Securities and Exchange Commission. An anonymous source told Declan that “the SEC has been encouraging cryptocurrency exchanges to register with the agency on a voluntary basis because officials want to avoid litigation with a large segment of the industry they believe is breaking the rules,” and that “the agency will likely start taking enforcement action.” against digital asset exchanges in 2023, since it takes about two years to build a case.”

However, this ambition comes with its own downside. Declan reports that the SEC itself has been battered by an enhanced workload and push to return to the office, and the cryptocurrency industry is unlikely to be threatened by more intense regulation — Christine Smith, chair of the industry group The Blockchain Association told us in a statement that the plans communicated The SEC described it as “not new” and posed “a threat to US leadership in the global race to profit from the digital asset economy.”

Stay in touch with the whole team: Ben Schrekinger ([email protected]); Derek Robertson ([email protected]); Steve Houser ([email protected]); And the Benton Ives ([email protected]). Follow us @tweet on Twitter.

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